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 English Vocabulary for ESL learners

Work and Employment.

Words and expressions relating to work and employment, for learners of English.

  • application
    • A letter or form with details of your qualifications, skills, experience, etc. sent to a firm or company when requesting to be considered for a job or position.

  • apprentice
    • An apprentice works for a skilled employer in order to learn a trade or skill (for example a carpenter or a plumber, etc.)

  • apprenticeship  
    • A fixed period of time during which an apprentice is trained.

  • assessment 
    • Evaluation of one's knowledge or abilities.

  • background 
    • A person's education, qualifications and/or work experience.

  • bonus 
    • Additional payment to an employee as an incentive or reward.

  • curriculum vitae
    • Summary of one's education and experience to date; resume.

  • dismiss
    • Discharge from employment (to fire, to sack, to let go).

  • employee
    • Person who works for a firm or company for wages or a salary.

  • employer  
    • Person or firm who employs or hires people to do work for wages or a salary.

  • fire
    • Dismiss from a job (to sack, to let go).

  • flexitime
    • A system that allows employees to choose the time they start and finish their work.

  • fringe benefits
    • Advantages offered in addition to salary (life insurance, retirement scheme, company car, etc.). Also called 'perks', abbreviation for 'perquisites'.

  • full-time
    • Work a full number of hours considered normal or standard.

  • hire
    • Employ or take on personnel in a company.

  • interview
    • Oral examination of a candidate for employment.

  • intern
    • A student or recent graduate who works for a period of time in order to gain practical experience.

  • internship
    • Period of time during which someone works in order to gain experience in a particular type of work.

  • maternity leave
    • Period of absence from work of a female employee before and after the birth of a baby.

  • notice: to give or hand in one's notice
    • Advance warning of intention to leave one's job - to give or hand in one's resignation.

  • overtime
    • Work more than the number of hours required by contract.

  • part-time
    • Work fewer hours or days than is considered standard.

  • payslip
    • A piece of paper given to an employee showing the amount of money earned and the deductions for insurance, tax etc.

  • personnel
    • People who work for a firm or company (employees).

  • personnel officer
    • Manager responsible for recruitment, training and welfare of personnel (employees).

  • promotion
    • Advancement in rank or position in a company.

  • prospects
    • Opportunities for success or promotion in a career.

  • recruit
    • Look for and hire personnel.

  • redundant: make sombody redundant
    • Dismiss someone from a job for economic reasons.

  • redundancy pay
    • Amount of money received to compensate for being asked to leave (made redundant) because your job is no longer needed.

  • resign
    • Leave one's job voluntarily.

  • retire
    • Leave employment because of age.

  • salary
    • Amount of money paid to an employee each year.

  • sick leave
    • Absence because of illness - to be on sick leave.

  • shift work
    • A type of work schedule in which different groups work at different times of the day and night, in relay.

  • staff
    • People who work for a firm or department; employees.

  • strength
    • Strong characteristic or particular ability.

  • strike: go on strike
    • To stop working in protest against something.

  • take on
    • Employ or hire somebody to do a job or fill a position.

  • trainee  
    • A person who is practising the skills of a particular job or profession, for example a trainee journalist or a trainee teacher.

  • training course
    • A course of study to prepare for a job, for example a computer course.

  • unemployment benefits
    • Payments made by the state to an unemployed person.

  • vacancy
    • A position to be filled or a job that is available.

  • weakness
    • A lack of ability or a shortcoming in character.

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Please note that British English spelling is used on this website.

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