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 English Grammar for ESL learners 


WORD FORMS

Verbs, nouns, adjectives and adverbs.


Many words in English have four different forms; verb, noun, adjective and adverb.
A large number of words have the four forms; some do not.
For example some recently-coined words such as ‘avatar’, ‘captcha’ or ‘selfie’ only exist as nouns.
Others, such as the noun ‘fun’, have no verb or adverb form.
The verb ‘sing’ has a noun form ‘singer’ but no adjective or adverb.
Sometimes several adjectives can be formed from a verb by adding suffixes such as '–able,' '-ed,’ and '–ing'.
Here are some words with all four forms:

VERB NOUN ADJECTIVE ADVERB
act action active actively
care care careful carefully
clear clarity clear clearly
comfort comfort comfortable comfortably
consider consideration considerable considerably
craze craze crazy crazily
create creation creative creatively
decide decision decisive decisively
delight delight delightful delightfully
differ difference different diffently
distract distraction distracted/ing distractedly
hate hatred hateful hatefully
hope hope hopeful hopefully
impress impression impressive impresively
include inclusion inclusive inclusively
indicate indication indicative indicatively
insult insult insulting insultingly
intend intention intentional intentionally
madden madness mad madly
protect protection protective protectively
quicken quickness quick quickly
rely reliability reliable reliably
sadden sadness sad sadly
secure security secured securely
speed speed speedy speedily
strengthen strength strong strongly
succeed success successful successfully

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Please note that British English spelling is used on this website.

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