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English Grammar  


Concrete, Abstract, Collective, Compound, Countable and Uncountable

There are several types of nouns in English, and the different types of nouns obey different rules.

  • Concrete nouns: common nouns and proper nouns
  • Abstract nouns
  • Collective nouns
  • Compound nouns
  • Countable nouns
  • Uncountable nouns
  • Concrete Nouns (exist physically)
    There are two categories of concrete nouns:
    • Common Nouns :
      People, places and things in general.
      Examples: cat, dog, boy, girl, house, bag, suitcase, hotel, beach, towel, etc.

    • Proper Nouns:
      Names of specific people, places or things.
      Examples: John, Julie, Queen Elizabeth, London, The Eiffel Tower, The Ritz Hotel, etc.
      Rule Proper nouns always begin with a capital letter.
  • Abstract Nouns (do not exist physically)
    Abstract nouns are ideas, concepts and feelings that have no physical existence.
    Examples: beauty, courage, honesty, liberty, patience, strength, truth, sadness, dedication, talent, pride, etc.
  • Collective Nouns 
    Collective nouns are names for a group of individuals, animals, places and things.
    Examples: a board of directors, a herd of elephants, a bunch of keys, a range of mountains, etc.
    More here
  • Compound Nouns 
    Compound nouns (or compound words) result from the merging of two or more words.
    Examples: orange juice, washing machine, toothpaste, notebook, mother-in-law, etc.
    More here
  • Countable Nouns 
    Countable nouns refer to individual objects, people, places and things that can be counted.
    Examples: books, houses, Americans, cats, dogs, knives, forks, streets, shops, cookies, etc.
    More here
  • Uncountable Nouns 
    Uncountable or mass nouns are substances, concepts, information, materials, etc. which are not individual objects and cannot be counted. They have no plural form.
    Examples: cheese, milk, meat, water, wood, entertainment, hope, courage, work, etc.
    More here

See also collective and compound nouns  |   countable and plural nouns  |   plural form of nouns

 Grammar   Exercises