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English Grammar   


The difference between 'job' and 'work'.

English learners often find it difficult to know when to use 'job' and when to use 'work'.


JOB generally refers to a function or position.
  • Julie went to Japan and got a job as an English teacher.
  • About 150 jobs will be created in the new industrial zone.
  • Emily is an events manager. She loves her job.
  • John is out of work at the moment. He’s busy applying for jobs.
  • You'll need a well-paid job if you want to live in central London.
A job can also be a task, an assignment or a chore.
  • I had a hard job removing the stains.
  • Charlie! It's your job to mow the lawn!
  • Stop interrupting her. Let her get on with the job!
Job is a countable noun. A person can have one job or several jobs.
  • Bob took on a second job because he needed more money.
  • I'm too busy to come with you. There are a few jobs I need to finish.
A job can be full-time or part-time, temporary or permanent.

Expressions with the word 'job' :
  • You did a good / great job! → You succeeded in doing something well
  • .
  • It's a good job Tom heard the customer complaining.→ Luckily Tom heard the customer.
  • A plum job → A well-paid job that is considered relatively easy.


WORK refers to mental or physical activity.
  • Emily works very hard. She has a lot of work to do.
  • John is looking forward to going back to work/to working again.
  • There's a lot of work to be done to the old house.
Work is both a verb and an uncountable noun.
  • Bob works in the oil industry.
  • Many people apply for work in his company. (not: a work).
  • Work on the project has not yet begun.
'Work' can also refer to the place where you do your job.
  • Where’s Dad? He’s at work.
  • He arrives at work at 9 o'clock every morning.
  • It is advisable not to make personal calls at work.
  • I'll buy some food on my way home from work.
Expressions with the word 'work' :
  • Work like a charm (be very effective).
    → I cleaned it with vinegar and it worked like a charm!
  • Work your fingers to the bone (work very hard).
    → He worked his fingers to the bone to have everything ready on time.

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