Follow us on Facebook
Facebook icon

Welcome to my guestmap
Please place a pin on the guestmap to show where you come from.

Free Guestmap from

Many thanks for all your encouraging messages.

Guestmap information


  ENGLISH GRAMMAR for ESL learners  

Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

Comparative adjectives are used to compare two things or people to each other.
  • A bus is bigger than a car.
  • Bill is older than Harry.
Superlative adjectives are used to compare one member of a group to the whole group.
  • The Nile is the longest river in the world.
  • In our class Maria is the oldest and Charlie is the youngest.
 Formation of comparative and superlative forms of adjectives  
Form Adjective Comparative Superlative
One syllable
Add : -er / -est to the adjective.
longer than
nicer than
hotter than
the longest
the nicest
the hottest
Two or more syllables
Add: more-less or most-least
before the adjective.
more interesting than
less practical than
the most interesting
the least interesting
Two syllables ending in -y
The 'y' becomes 'i'
before -er/-est
funnier than
easier than
happier than
the funniest
the easiest
the happiest
Irregular Adjectives good
better than
worse than
more than
less than
farther/further than
the best
the worst
the most
the least
the farthest/furthest
Please note:

1) Some two-syllable adjectives have two possible forms of comparison, for example:
  • commoner/more common
  • likelier/more likely
  • politer/more polite
  • simpler/more simple
  • stupider/more stupid
  • subtler/more subtle
2) Adjectives ending with a vowel and a consonant double the consonant, for example:
  • big  bigger  biggest
except when the consonant is 'w'or 'y' :
  • new   newer   newest

back to grammar

Please note that British English spelling is used on this website.

 cookie policy