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The meaning of words relating to investments and the stock market.

Bid The price a buyer is willing to offer for shares in a company.
Blue Chip Stocks Stocks of leading companies with a reputation for stable growth and earnings.
Bond Certificate issued by companies and governments to their lenders.
Business angel Wealthy person who invests their money in start-ups in return for a percentage ownership. Also called 'investor angels' or 'angel investors'.
Capital Money and other property of companies used in transacting the business.
Capital stock All shares representing ownership of a company.
Commodities Products such as agricultural products and natural resources (wood, oil and metals) that are traded on a separate, authorised commodities exchange.
Dividend A portion of a company's earnings which is paid to the shareholders/stockholders on a quarterly or annual basis.
Equity The value of stocks and shares; the net value of mortgaged property.
Equities Stocks and shares which represent a portion of the capital of a company.
Futures Contracts to buy or sell securities at a future date.
Insider A person who has access to inside information concerning the company.
Insider dealing / trading Buying or selling with the help of information known only to those connected with the business.
IPO Initial Public Offering - selling part of a company on the stock market.
Issue Put into circulation a number of a company's shares for sale.
Liabilities The debts and obligations of a company or an individual.
Mortgage Agreement by which a bank or building society lends money for the purchase of property, such as a house or apartment. The property is the security for the loan.
Mutual fund Savings fund that uses cash from a pool of savers to buy securities such as stock, bonds or real estate.
Option The right to buy and sell certain securities at a specified price and period of time.
Par value Nominal face value.
Penny stock Shares selling at less than $1 a share.
Portfolio Various types of securities held by an individual or institution.
Securities Transferable certificates showing ownership of stocks, bonds, shares, options, etc.
Share The capital of a company is divided into shares which entitle the owner, or shareholder, to a proportion of the profits.
Share certificate Certificate representing the number of shares owned by an investor.
Shareholder Owner of shares.
Speculator Someone who buys and sells stocks and shares in the hope of making a profit through changes in their value.
Stock Shares (portion of the capital of a business company) held by an investor.
Stockbroker A licensed professional who buys and sells stocks and shares for clients in exchange for a fee called a 'commission'.
Stockholder Person who owns stocks and shares.
Trader Investor who holds stocks and securities for a short time (minutes, hours or days) with the objective of making profit from short-term gains in the market.
Investment is generally based on stock price rather than on an evaluation of the company.
Trading session Period during which the Stock Exchange is open for trading.
Venture capital Money raised by companies to finance new ventures in exchange for percentage ownership.
Yield Return on investment shown as a percentage.

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