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English Phrasal Verbs

A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb;
the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb.
Below you will find a list of phrasal verbs in alphabetical order
with their meaning and an example of use.

Phrasal verbs - Alphabetical List   I-J-K

Phrasal Verb



idle away Waste time doing nothing much. He idles away hours every day watching television.
iron out Resolve by discussion/ eliminate
The meeting tomorrow will be an opportunity to iron out difficulties.
impose on/upon Ask too much of someone. Is it alright if I stay?
I don't want to impose upon your hospitabity.
improve on/upon Make better The runner improved on his previous performance.
indulge in Allow yourself to enjoy something Ive been dieting all week but today I'm going to indulge in a dessert.
insure against Guarantee compensation for damage etc. The house is insured against fire.
invite out Ask someone to join you for lunch, dinner, etc. Harry invited her out for dinner.
join in Participate She was too shy to join in the game.
join up 1) Engage in, become a member of

2) Meet and unite with
1) John was in the army and Tom joined up as soon as he left school.
2) The two groups of tourists joined up at the hotel.
jot down Take quick notes I jotted down the address while watching the programme on TV.
keep at Persevere. His father encouraged him to keep at his studies.
keep back Retain / force to stay back A barrier was installed to keep back the fans.
keep on Continue doing something I told him to be quiet but he kept on making noise.
keep up with Stay at the same level as someone or something Bill walks so fast it's difficult to keep up with him.
kneel down Go down on your knees Most people kneel down to pray.
kick off Begin, start The football match kicked off at 3 p.m.
knock back Drink quickly (usually alcohol) He knocked back a pint of beer and left.
knock down Strike someone or something to the ground. The child was knocked down by a car.
The tree was knocked down during the storm
knock out Cause someone to fall unconscious. The boxer was knocked out in the first round.
know of have heard of / have knowledge about Do you know of anyone else attending the conference?
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