English Grammar and Exercises for ESL learners.
be going to
The structure be going to is mainly used to talk about plans and intentions, or to make predictions based on present evidence. It is most commonly used in conversational English.
In very informal spoken English, going to is sometimes shortened to gonna.
|STRUCTURE:||The present continuous tense of the verb to go + the full infinitive.|
|I||am||going||to paint||the door.|
|You||are||going||to love||this book.|
|Jack||is||going||to buy||a new computer.|
|We||are||going||to visit||a museum.|
|They||are||going||to accept||our invitation.|
PLANS and INTENTIONS :
Be going to is used to talk about plans and intentions, usually when the decision has already been made.
♦ Emma is going to share an
apartment with Melanie.
♦ Pedro is going to revise his English all evening.
♦ I'm going to watch the match on television.
We use be going to when we can see that something is likely to happen.
♦ Look at those clouds.
It's going to rain!
♦ The ladder is shaking. That man is going to fall!
♦ Hurry up! We're going to miss the bus.
Although it is grammatically incorrect, going to is sometimes shortened to gonna, in very informal conversations, especially when we speak quickly. Gonna is also used in song lyrics.
Gonna is more often found in American English, but it is never written that way (except in
♦ I'm gonna
surprise you all one day! = I'm going to surprise you all one day.