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English Grammar  

ADVERBS: formation, position and use of adverbs


Adverbs are used to say how, how often, where or in what manner we do something.
  • She danced gracefully.
  • They were all chatting happily when we arrived.
  • He drove carefully along the icy road.
  • The technician explained the problem very clearly.
  • Tom often travels by train.
  • The children are playing outside.
  • Jane really likes that band.

  • FORMATION OF ADVERBS  ADJECTIVE  ADVERB 
    Most adverbs are formed by adding -ly to the adjective. slow
    quick
    wide
    slowly
    quickly
    widely
    If the adjective ends in -l:
    double the l
    :
    careful
    hopeful
    graceful
    carefully
    hopefully
    gracefully
    If the adjective ends in -y:
    change the y to i:
    busy
    easy
    lucky
    busily
    easily
    luckily
    If the adjective ends in -able, -ible, or -le:
    replace the final -e with -y.
    probable
    incredible
    humble
    probably
    incredibly
    humbly
    If the adjective ends in -ic:
    add -ally.
    Except: public → publicly
    basic
    dynamic
    energetic
    basically
    dynamically
    energetically
    Some exceptions:
    good
    hard
    fast
    early
    late
    daily
    straight
    well
    hard
    fast
    early
    late
    daily
    straight
    Please note:
    Although they end in -ly, the following words are adjectives, NOT adverbs :
    friendly, lively, lonely, lovely, silly, ugly
    for example :a friendly person, a silly remark, an ugly duckling, and so on ...

    POSITION OF ADVERBS 
    Different types of adverbs (manner, frequency, place, degree...) go in different positions.

      MANNER:
    • Adverbs of manner usually go after the verb, or after the verb and the object.
      -He spoke clearly.
      -He read the instructions carefully.
    • The adverb can go before the verb if the object is long.
      -He slowly moved the newspaper and pencil and picked up the book.
      FREQUENCY:
    • Adverbs of frequency usually go:
      -After the verb be:
      -Tom is often late.
      -Before all other verbs:
      -Eva sometimes takes the bus.
      -Between two verbs if there are two.
      -You can always change it later.
      After the first verb if there are more than two.
      -I would never have found the way.
      Before two verbs if the second verb is an infinitive.
      -We generally try to eat healthy food.
      Frequency phrases (e.g. once a week) go at the beginning or at the end of a sentence.
      -Every so often Anna goes to the library.
      -She plays tennis once a week.
      PLACE:
    • 'Here', 'there', 'inside',etc. usually go at the end of a sentence.
      -Come and sit here.
      -They are waiting inside.
      DEGREE:
    • 'Really', 'quite', etc. usually go before the verb.
      -I really love that dress.
      If there are two verbs they go between.
      -I would just like a glass of water.
      'A lot', 'very much', etc. go at the end.
      -He watches television a lot.

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